The demand for a separate state of Andhra Pradesh came to the fore because of the feeling that injustice would be done in the former united Madras. During the Madras Presidency, the people of Andhra region agitated for a separate state movement. In Madras Presidency, 40 percent of the population and 58 percent of the area belonged to the Telugu people. The separate state movement gathered momentum from late 1911 onwards. After that, in a meeting held in Nidadavolu, the issue of special state was discussed. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramaiah demanded that Andhra be formed as a separate state.
In 1913, the Andhra Mahasabha held at Bapatla discussed the formation of a separate Andhra state. However, representatives from Rayalaseema and Visakhapatnam did not show willingness to this proposal. Bogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramaiah also visited those areas and tried to gather people’s support for the formation of a separate Andhra state. In the Andhra Mahasabha held in Kakinada, Pattabi Sitaramaiah and Konda Venkatappayya distributed pamphlets on the formation of Andhra State.
Second Andhra Mahasabha was held in Vijayawada in 1914. In that assembly, a resolution was passed with the majority of support for a separate Andhra state. After that the movement continued like that. On October 19, 1952, Potti Sriramulu started a hunger strike. On December 15, 1952, after the death of Potti Sriramulu, large-scale violence broke out in the Andhra region, Prime Minister Nehru announced that Andhra State would be formed.
On November 1, 1953, the state of Andhra Pradesh was formed with 11 Telugu speaking districts. These 11 districts were in Madras state then. At that time there was also a demand for linguistic states. Thus, on November 1, 1956, the Telangana region of the then Hyderabad state and the Andhra state separated from Madras were formed to form the state of Andhra Pradesh with Hyderabad as its capital.
At that time some strongly opposed the merger of Hyderabad with Andhra Pradesh state. Andhra Pradesh is the first state formed on the basis of the language spoken by the people. After the formation of Andhra Pradesh state separate Telangana movements took place. KCR formed TRS in 2001. After that the movement got more momentum.. After the 2009 elections the developments changed. The UPA government has announced that it will start the process of Telangana state formation with KCR’s death initiation.
As part of this promise, the UPA introduced the Telangana Bill in Parliament in 2014. BJP also supported this bill. On June 2, 2014, AP and Telangana were separated into states. AP Repartition Act was also drafted. In the 2014 elections, Chandrababu took charge as the Chief Minister of the divided Andhra Pradesh. However, during the TDP government, Chandrababu Sarkar took up new construction initiatives on June 2. After that, Jagan’s government is organizing Incarnation Days on November 1.
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