Rat bite fever
Rat-bite fever is spread when a person is bitten by an infected rat, bitten by an infected rat, or when the bacteria enters the human body in some form.
Symptoms include fever, skin rash, headache, vomiting, rash and muscle pain.
Hantavirus, commonly found in white-footed rats, cotton rats, and rice rats, is a fatal disease that currently has no specific treatment or vaccine. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, muscle aches, often in the hips, back, and thighs, and diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, or LCMV, is the most common house rat. LCMV usually occurs in two stages. The first stage includes symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, headache, muscle pain and loss of appetite. The second stage, including meningitis, encephalitis or meningoencephalitis, is primarily more neurological in nature.
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Plague, which killed millions in the Middle Ages, was also spread by rats. On your floor, the most basic form of plague is from rats crawling behind your walls as close as an infected flea can bite. The different types of plague are all caused by the same bacteria.
The different types of Yersinia pestis plague are classified according to what level of the body it has reached. Immune system, blood system and lungs. Symptoms depend on the type. It requires prompt medical treatment with antibiotics.
Some rodents carry Salmonella bacteria in their digestive tracts, making any contact with rodent waste, especially consumption of contaminated food, a potential risk of contracting Salmonella.
Symptoms include chills, fever, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Caused by the bacterium Francisella tularenis. Tularemia is especially common in susceptible mice and rabbits. Tularemia is usually transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected insect or deer fly, or by handling an infected animal. Tularemia can be a life-threatening disease, although most cases can be treated with the use of antibiotics.
How are these diseases spread by rats?
Rats can spread many diseases. But how are they transmitted to humans? Unfortunately, there are many ways rats can infect us by transferring dangerous pathogens.
Biting: If you are bitten by a rat that has one or more diseases, the infections are transferred directly into your bloodstream through the microbes in their saliva.
Scattering: If scratches are infested or scratched by mice, any pathogens they carry can enter your bloodstream directly through the scratches.
Excreta: Direct contact with rat urine, feces or saliva is the mode of transmission of this disease.
Inhalation: Inhalation of contaminated air by infected rats. This includes breathing in dust particles containing rat urine or aerosolized particles produced when you sweep an area infested with rats.
Touching: Picking up or directly touching infected mice.
Consuming: Drinking water contaminated with rat urine or eating food that has been prepared for contact with rats.
Second Hand Contact: Your pets often get diseases from mice if they play with them or try to eat them. Then they pass the disease on to you.