NASA revealed that the Orion capsule is currently 265,150 miles from Earth and 45,422 miles from the Moon, traveling at a speed of 1,753 miles per hour.
It will hurtle towards Earth at a speed of 25,000 miles per hour and land in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California on December 11. Artemis-1 will travel a total of 13 lakh kilometers. Can the SLS rocket and Orion capsules take astronauts to the moon and back safely? NASA has undertaken this experiment to find out. If all goes as planned, NASA will send astronauts through the Artemis-2 launch in 2024. If that too is successful, Artemis-3 will send the first female astronaut to the moon in 2025.
Moreover, NASA hopes to get information about the south pole of the moon that is not known so far. The orbiting Gateway Space Station will attempt to survey the lunar surface. The spacecraft is equipped with a sensor called Commander Moonkin Compos. It helps in providing information about the experiences of the astronauts who have traveled there. Campos was inspired by Arturo Campos, who was instrumental in bringing Apollo 13 safely back to Earth.
“Artemis 1 was designed to stress the Orion systems… and we settled on a deep retrograde orbit as a good way to accomplish that,” said Jim Geffre, Orion spacecraft integration manager. On November 25, Orion entered a deep retrograde orbit beyond the Moon, known as a deep retrograde orbit insertion burn.
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