Leaders like Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Satyapal, who took up agitations against the Rowlatt Act, were arrested and exiled from the country. Protests were held across the country to condemn this. Jallianwala Bagh also condemned their arrests and expressed solidarity. At this time British General Michael O Dwyer (Michael O Dwyer) was the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. The British army led by Dyer stormed into this garden and opened fire indiscriminately on the unarmed crowd. More than 1,000 people lost their lives in this incident and hundreds of people were injured. The Indians were further enraged by this incident. Thus, after 20 years, an Indian named Udham Singh took revenge by killing Dyer, who was responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Dyer was shot dead on 13 March 1940 at Caxton Hall in London. While Dyer was speaking at the meeting of the East Indian Association, a book was cut in the shape of a gun and fired with a gun hidden in it. However, he was hanged in Britain for this murder. But, Uddham Singh, whose aim was to kill Dyer, had made a plan for this a decade before. As per the plan, he married a British woman and entered Caxton Hall with his wife’s pass. Moreover, she was never told of his mission to kill Dyer. He explained to his wife why he had originally come to London when he was in prison.
Having lost his parents and brother in his childhood, Uddham Singh Naranara’s patriotism was digested. He grew up in an orphanage.. He studied till 10th standard. Later he came out from there and joined Ghadar party along with Bhagat Singh. Uddham Singh was released after five years in jail on charges of possessing arms without a licence. After coming out, he went to Kashmir in disguise. From there, he entered London through Germany. Since then, the hunt for General O’ Dyer started. After surrendering himself to the police, he admitted to the murder. So on July 31, 1940, the British government hanged him in London.
When asked why Dyer was killed, he replied, “I have a grudge against him. This has to happen to him. I do not belong to any party. I am not afraid of death. What is the use of living till old age?” While in jail he said his name was ‘Ram Mohammad Singh Azad’. It is claimed that this name is a combination of Hindu, Muslim and Sikh.
He warned the whites that hundreds of young people like me would have to come to this country if India came to power.
A brave man who struck fear in their hearts.