There are many stone forts in the villages of Al-Hashr Mountains – southern Saudi Arabia – which is the largest concentration of stone forts in the world. These forts were built of stone and mud and roofed with juniper trees.
Photographer Abdul-Rahman Al-Huraisi documented these forts through scenes, highlighting the beauty of their architectural and engineering designs, which confirm the living skills possessed by the mountain man hundreds of years ago.
A number of residents of the Hasher Mountains spoke to Al-Arabiya.net, and one of them, Mofaza Al-Huraisi, said that the villages of the Hasher Mountains are the largest concentration of stone forts in the world, numbering 237 stone forts scattered in the villages of the Hasher Mountains, but some of these forts fell in the past due to Storms and climatic influences. These forts are more than 550 years old. They were built of stone and mud, while they were roofed with juniper trees.
The splendor of building stone forts
Mufreh Mashawi added: The stone forts consist of several floors and are built in a cylindrical shape, and have a unique architecture that only stone fortification builders know, for its ability to withstand all natural factors such as earthquakes and storms, and these forts are characterized by the presence of grain and fruit storage rooms, which are Containers or so-called burials, where a type of fine earth is chosen, mixed with grains, and preserved for years without being affected, and also has an internal surface.
He continued his speech: Inside the forts there are rooms for weapons, another for cooking, and a room for guests, with a fixed bed built of stone and mud called “deck”, or hanging beds made of trees and called “sahwa”, and below the fortress is the kitchen and a large circular house, in which sheep and animals are placed. , to protect it from theft and monsters scattered in the past, pointing out that most of the stone forts have watchtowers.
The most famous forts
Mashawi continued, saying: One of the most famous stone forts in the Al-Hashr Mountains is Al-Hudaydah Fort, which is considered the gateway to the Al-Hashr Mountains from the western side. The deposit of money, weapons and precious jewelry for safekeeping, and the money of orphans is kept until they reach the age of majority, and it is considered as the central bank for the people of the Hasher Mountains. There is also a fortress of war, which is characterized by a unique building, an architect and other stone forts.