New Delhi: Kashi Tamil Sangam is held in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh for a period of one month. The interview of the Tamil Nadu youths who came to participate in this was published two days ago in the ‘Hindu Tamil Vektik’ newspaper. In this, they had said that Tamil got its status as a classical language only because of spiritual literature. Tamil and history professors have said that this is a wrong idea and Sangha literature is the reason why Tamil got classical language status in 2004.
Professor K. Ramasamy, who served as the responsible director of the Central Institute of Classical Tamil Studies, told the ‘Hindu Tamildisai’ newspaper, “For Tamil to have the status of classical language, George L., a professor of the University of Chicago and a Tamil scholar who studied Sanskrit. Hart’s letter is fundamental. In the letter he wrote to Chiramalai Lakheshwanar, he had mentioned that Tamil is in all respects worthy of classical language status. A central committee consisting of Tamil and English professors and Tamil scholars was formed and many consultative meetings were held.
41 Sangha literatures written in Tamil including Tolkappiyam, Batupattu, Uttugyiyya, Patiji Kalilganku were decided as Sevvyal texts. Thus, it was recommended to the central government to give the status of classical language to Tamil, where they were written. It was accepted and given classical language status by the central government. In this, only Thirumurugaathupe in Patuppat is Bhakti literature. All others are Sangam literature,” he said.
Regarding this matter, Vice-Chancellor of Thanjavur Tamil University Ko. Balasubramanian says, “The spiritual literature mentioned in Atheenas is called devotional literature in Tamil Nadu. Beginning in the 6th century AD, devotional literature continued beyond the 10th century. However, Tamil has a literary tradition dating back thousands of years. According to this, our Sangha literary texts were written from 3rd century BC to 3rd century AD. At the same time, there is no doubt that Bhakti literature has played an important role in developing Tamil on a new platform.
Rejecting the opinion of the Tamil Nadu scholars, Aligarh Muslim University history professor S. Chandinibee says, “Tamil writing dates back to BC. It was in the 3rd century. The evidence for this is the Madurai-Mankulam inscription which mentions Pandyan Nedunjehiya. Keezadi excavations have also revealed Tamil characters dating back to the 6th century BC. So, if Bhakti literature is 1,500 years old then Sangha literature is at least 2,400 years old. Antiquity, which is one of the ten qualities required by classical literature, is present only in Sangam literature,” he said.