The researchers will use the information provided by the Nisar satellite to identify the conditions that cause natural disasters such as earth movements, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, sea level rise and tsunamis and their early signs. With the help of this satellite, ISRO scientists will monitor the flow patterns of glaciers in the Himalayas and areas prone to avalanches. The satellite, which is about the size of an SUV, weighs 2,800 kg, NASA said.
The satellite has instruments like L-band, S-band, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). It is capable of capturing high-resolution images in any weather conditions, even in dense forests and clouds. ISRO claims that this low-Earth orbit satellite can map the entire world in 12 days and provide information.
NASA revealed last month that technicians and engineers from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California will be installing and testing the two radar systems on Nisar starting in early 2021. In which L-Band is designed by JPL and S-Band by ISRO. The final tests of this satellite, which has reached Bangalore, will be conducted at the UR Rao Satellite Centre. This satellite will be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota next year.
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