Within the framework of voluntary reforms aimed at revitalizing public life, Morocco is betting on digital transformation in order to achieve the goals set for the National Strategy to Prevent and Combat Bribery (2015-2025), recommended by the United Nations Convention against Corruption.
Similar to other international experiences, combating this scourge in Morocco can benefit from digital development, as digitalization constitutes an essential tool that will pave the way for establishing responsible governance, transparency, and preventing and combating bribery.
It is worth noting that His Majesty King Mohammed VI affirmed in the Supreme Speech of October 14, 2016, on the occasion of the opening of the first session of the first legislative year of the tenth legislative term, that “employing modern technologies contributes to facilitating the citizen’s access to services as soon as possible, without The need for frequent movement and contact with the administration, which is the main reason for the spread of the phenomenon of bribery and abuse of influence.”
In the same context, the National Commission for Integrity, Preventing and Combating Bribery, established pursuant to Law No. 113-12 of 2015, highlighted in its report for the year 2022 the close relationship between digital transformation on the one hand, and responsible governance, transparency, and preventing and combating bribery on the one hand. Other.
In order to achieve the desired goals in the field of integrity, preventing and combating bribery, while ensuring the success of digital transformation, and based on international experiences and analysis of the development of the national context, the National Authority recommends establishing a strategic framework and citizen-oriented digital transformation with measures to keep pace and lead change.
Regarding the strategic framework, the Authority indicates that the success of digital transformation depends on the existence of this framework, which also guarantees high-level support to ensure strong mobilization and involvement of all, as well as a comprehensive and integrated vision that clearly defines the path in the medium and long term with practical strategies and plans that guarantee success. This strategic framework will also allow for the strengthening of governance centered around bodies whose roles and responsibilities are clearly defined and articulated.
Regarding the second aspect, the National Commission for Integrity, Preventing and Combating Bribery emphasizes that digital transformation must be directed towards the citizen, and this orientation should include in particular improving the quality of public services, establishing means of measurement and evaluation, and enhancing the digital inclusion of citizens by strengthening the infrastructure. Infrastructure, taking into account the specificities of certain categories of residents, and giving priority to proximity services.
In the same context, the Authority stressed that achieving the desired results depends on implementing measures to keep pace and lead change, especially with regard to enhancing and valuing human capital, through awareness, training, and motivation processes, and unifying the regulatory and standard framework.
Moreover, Morocco’s involvement at the international level constitutes an important element contributing to the success of this strategy, as evidenced by the adoption by consensus of the Tenth Conference of States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, held last December in Atlanta, of 11 resolutions, including the resolution presented by Morocco regarding “Follow-up to the Marrakesh Declaration on the Prevention of Corruption.”
Last October, the National Commission for Integrity, Preventing and Combating Bribery organized an African regional conference that included about twenty countries from the continent, which culminated in the adoption by its participants of the “Rabat Declaration,” which was presented as an official document of the tenth session of the Conference of States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption. .
It is noteworthy that Chapter 167 of the Constitution stipulates that the National Commission for Integrity, Preventing and Combating Bribery shall undertake “the tasks of initiating, coordinating and supervising and ensuring the tracking of the implementation of anti-corruption policies, receiving and disseminating information in this field, contributing to the improvement of public life, consolidating the principles of good governance, and a culture of service.” public, and the values of responsible citizenship.