Although it is located in a busy part of the city center, this historical building, which is not very visible from the outside, welcomes its visitors with its unique wall and dome structure in a large garden when you enter through the door separating the adobe wall in the direction of the qibla.
Although the walls of Gök Masjid, which has been restored in various periods, are far from the elegance of the first day, the fine workmanship in the parts left as a witness immediately attracts attention.
The wall, dating back to its early periods, is decorated with various shades of blue and black tiles, and glazed bricks are used in some parts.
Gök Masjid has a wall built with bricks placed according to pentagonal and octagonal star patterns, unlike the walls built by horizontal placement of bricks in its period and today.
It is stated in open sources that the exterior of the historical building, which was built entirely of bricks, was covered with rich tile mosaic and colorful glazed bricks, hence its name.
Although it seems like there is no trace of its former glory from the outside, the traces of the dome style and fine workmanship somehow show how beautiful the mosque was in its time.
The blue, yellow, black and white tile work and spiral-style corner decorations around the main entrance door of the mosque, which attracts attention with its height, as well as the Qur’anic verses engraved on the facade, stand as proof of this beauty.
It took its name from its blue tiles
Speaking to AA correspondent, Mina Rencber, an expert at the Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts, said that the mosque is also known as “Cihan Shah Masjid” or “Muzafferiye”.
Rencber stated that the mosque built by the Karakoyunlu Sultan Cihan Shah in 1465 for his daughter Begüm Hatun was known as “Masjid-i Kebud” among the public because of its blue tiles, and that the word “kebud” means “sky color”, that is, “blue”.
The remaining fragments of the verses written in Nestalic calligraphy on the dome circle, arches and niches of the mosque, whose tiles were used from the lightest to the darkest shade of blue, reveal the magnificence of this building in its period.
Rencber stated that gold was used in some parts of the turquoise colored kasikari works, which made this structure one step ahead of other historical works.
Pointing out that most of the tile decorations, starting from the high entrance gate in the form of a half-dome, were destroyed over time, Rencber said that some of these tiles were repaired in accordance with the original, and the remaining original pieces bear witness to their period.
It suffered great destruction in the earthquake
Rencber stated that the mosque suffered great destruction in the earthquake that occurred about two hundred years ago and that most of it was reconstructed and the 21-meter high dome was built in accordance with the original.
Noting that the 3-meter-high marble slabs on the qibla side were used when the mosque was built, Rencber said that the dark-colored ones were old and the light-colored ones were placed here within the framework of restorations.
He took the Great Seljuk architecture one step further
Rencber stated that Gök Masjid takes the Great Seljuk architecture one step further and provides a connection with Anatolian architecture, and that the connection between the domes resembles the early buildings in Ottoman architecture.
Stating that the large and slightly rising main dome of the Gök Masjid is surrounded by lower domed spaces on three sides, Rencber said that there are 4 graves in the tomb section under the dome on the qibla side, and the graves are empty.
On the other hand, in open sources, it is stated that the mosque, which was left unfinished when Akkoyunlu Ruler Uzun Hasan entered Tabriz by killing Cihan Shah and ending the Karakoyunlu sultanate in 1467, was later built by his wife and daughter Saliha during the reign of Uzun Hasan’s son, Ebu Muzaffer Yakub Bahadır Khan. It is rumored that it was completed as a result of Hatun’s efforts.
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