To confront drought in Morocco, it is necessary to adopt smart agriculture aimed at maintaining food and water security.
Agricultural areas in Morocco suffer from low rainfall and scarcity of irrigation water, due to successive years of drought and the effects of climate change, which has negatively affected some crops.
To deter drought attacks… sustainable agriculture is a powerful development weapon in Morocco
In order to find alternative solutions to confront water scarcity and maintain food security, a number of Moroccan farmers decided to search for alternative crops that contribute to rationalizing irrigation water, including smart, environmentally friendly agriculture. According to agricultural experts, they confirmed that “Agriculture 4.0” depends on smart technologies and solutions aimed at developing food security and confronting climate fluctuations, and these technologies work via devices connected to the Internet.
Smart agriculture depends on the water economy, which contributes to preserving the environment and confronting climate change, indicating that the purpose of smart agriculture is to increase production, by rationalizing water and with high quality.
There are a number of estates that rely on the use of water using smart devices, including drones that are used to monitor the estates and sense environmental dangers in order to address them immediately.
There is a way to use a humidity measurement in order to know how many plants, walls, and trees require amounts of water without excessive amounts.
The method of using “point by point” pollutes the water bed, excessive irrigation spoils the land, excessive use of fertilizers pollutes the soil, and adjusting the salinity scale and biological materials.
Direct sowing without plowing is the best solution, on the grounds that during the plowing process the land evaporates and amounts of water are lost. Therefore, we must use direct sowing as an effective method in smart agriculture.
Smart agriculture plays an important role in the economy and controlling production expenses, through careful planning for all stages of agricultural production, starting from plowing through planting to harvesting.
Smart agriculture today provides specific advantages to various agricultural sectors, as it enables the use of connected systems to monitor crops from planting to harvest. It also maintains soil fertility and permanently improves the management of agricultural exploits, whether in person on the farm or even remotely, while the farmer is at home or performing some tasks. life.
Farmers can use part of the meteorological data in real time to adjust the semi-final and recorded dates, and improve the use of resources. Fruit and legume producers can also control crop maturity, prevent diseases that affect crops, and analyze related data for optimal use of the type of chemical pesticides and the quantities needed.
The Moroccan Ministry of Agriculture is making great efforts to move from traditional agriculture that depletes water and produces poor yields, to smart agriculture that relies on rationalizing water and reducing costs.
In this regard, Mohamed Seddiqi, Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries, Rural Development, Water and Forests, said on the occasion of the opening of the third edition of the Information Technology Days in Agriculture in the city of Meknes, during the current year under the slogan “Digital transformation is at the core of implementing the Green Generation Strategy,” that the Ministry is making a great effort to make the strategy a success. Digital transformation in the agricultural sector.
The Moroccan minister stressed the necessity of digital transformation for all actors in the agricultural value chain, noting that digitization workshops in Morocco aim to connect two million farmers to agricultural electronic services by 2030.
He continued: “The digitization project falls within the horizontal projects of the Green Generation Strategy, which aims to make Moroccan agriculture more productive, flexible and competitive in the international market, in addition to being innovative and attractive to sector professionals in general and to youth and emerging generations of farmers and entrepreneurs in particular.”