What is HIV?
HIC (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that affects our immune system. If it is affected, our body’s immunity decreases and thus leads to many diseases. Also, improper treatment of this virus leads to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Reaching this state is life threatening. AIDS is a condition that can never be cured. But HIV infection can be treated and controlled if detected early.
Can HIV be transmitted through touch?
Many people shun people living with HIV. At least some believe that HIV can be transmitted by coming close to them, using utensils they have used, hugging or touching them. But HIV is not transmitted through any of these situations. AIDS can be contracted through unsafe sex, sharing the same needle with multiple people, and mother-to-child transmission after childbirth.
Can mosquitoes spread the HIV virus?
AIDS is not a mosquito-borne disease. In short, the virus in the blood of an infected person cannot be transmitted to another person simply by a mosquito bite. Also, this virus cannot survive for long in such organisms. Therefore, mosquito bites never transmit HIV.
Is it possible to transmit HIV through kissing?
Transmission of the virus through kissing is very rare. Saliva does not contain enough virus to transmit the infection to another person. However, if there is a cut in the mouth, bleeding gums, etc. while kissing, there is a possibility of contracting the disease.
Can HIV be transmitted through oral sex?
It is not absolutely possible to say that oral sex reduces the risk of contracting HIV. If your partner has HIV there is a chance of contracting it if proper precautions are not taken. But, more than that, you are more likely to get HIV if you have multiple sexual partners. Similarly, if you are homosexual, especially between men and men, you are more likely to get HIV. Men are more likely to develop these diseases than women in such relationships.
Is it possible to find out if a partner has HIV?
You or your partner may not have symptoms of HIV, especially for years. You should definitely get tested to find out if you are at risk. Especially those between the ages of 18 and 64 are recommended to be screened for HIV at least once a month with a blood test.
Don’t be afraid of HIV if you take medicine
Many people think that if they are infected with HIV then there is no need for tension. Today, Antiretroviral Drugs (ART) are given to people infected with HIV. If it is used, those who are infected with the virus can live relatively long. But as it is a very expensive drug, many cannot afford it. Similarly, today there is an injection system. But, it will give good results only if it is taken regularly. So rather than thinking that you can live with medicine, it is better to wait and see if it does not come.
The virus is not transmitted while receiving treatment
It is possible to reduce the presence of HIV virus from our body while taking treatment. Even if a blood test is done during treatment, sometimes the presence of the virus is not detected in the blood. If the test does not detect the presence of the virus, there is less chance of getting it to the partner during sexual intercourse. However, if proper treatment is not sought, especially if the medication is missed for a day, it can lead to transmission of the virus. So, make sure to take the medicine in the correct dosage prescribed by the doctor.
People with HIV cannot have children
Many people think that people with HIV cannot have children. However, they can conceive and give birth in a very safe manner. It is possible to reduce the child’s risk of contracting HIV if the doctor’s advice is sought and preparations are made accordingly. When you are pregnant, your doctor will give you the right medicine to prevent the baby from getting this virus.
Is it a disease that someone cares about and spreads?
Some people believe that the government is doing such things. There are also those who believe that such diseases are transmitted to eliminate certain groups. However, HIV is most prevalent in South Africa. The disease is most prevalent in those areas due to lack of proper healthcare.
Information Credit:Dr. Ranga Santosh Kumar, Consultant General Physician & Diabetologist, Yashoda Hospitals, Hyderabad
Also Read: Difference Between HIV and AIDS