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On May 4, houses were torched in Torbung, Churachandpur, Manipur.
Manipur violence The Supreme Court on Wednesday ordered that the Manipur government file a fresh status report on the relief, protection, rehabilitation being provided to the violence-affected people. During the hearing, CJI Chandrachud said that even though security and law is a state subject, but as the Supreme Court it is our responsibility to see that politicians do not turn a blind eye.
The Supreme Court also commented on the High Court’s order to include Meitei tribals in the Schedule Tribe (ST) list. Chief Justice DY Chandrachud said- petitions have been filed in the High Court on this matter. We are not bringing a stay on this order, but those who are against the decision can approach the Division Bench of the High Court.
Manipur Tribal Forum and Hill Area Committee have filed petitions in the Supreme Court. The next hearing will be held in July after the Supreme Court vacations are over.
What happened in the hearing on Manipur violence on Wednesday?
Supreme Court said- High Court’s decision on reservation is factually wrong…2 Comments
1. The judgment of Justice Muraleedharan of Manipur High Court is factually completely wrong. We gave Justice Muralitharan time to correct his mistake. But he didn’t do that. Now we have to take a strong stand against it. It is clear that the Judge of the High Court must follow the decisions of the Constitutional Bench. If they don’t do this then what can we do…this is also very clear.
2. We will not hear the legal issue related to giving reservation to Meitei. There are petitions in the High Court. Rest of the tribals including Kuku can approach the High Court.
3. The issue of law and order is of the state. As the Supreme Court, we will ensure that politicians do not close their eyes. The tribals have expressed apprehension of an attack. State and security advisors should act on this. What steps have been taken for the relief, protection and rehabilitation of the people affected by the violence. A new report should be presented to us on this.
The petitioners raised the issue of immigrants, said- provocative things happen on CM’s Twitter handle
the petitioner Senior advocate Ranjit Kumar, appearing for MLA, said, “Illegal immigrants are coming from Myanmar and coming to Manipur. Opium is grown here and because of this terrorist camps are increasing there.” Advocate Nizam Pasha said, “The Chief Minister’s Inflammatory tweets are being made from the Twitter handle. Let’s talk about cuckoo. Manipur is being destroyed in the name of Christianity and all such things.”
Supreme Court On this, the Solicitor General, who appeared on behalf of the state government, said, “People sitting on constitutional posts should be stopped from making such statements. You should advise them to be controlled.”
Said in the last hearing – this violence is a humanitarian crisis
During the hearing on May 8, the bench of CJI DY Chandrachud had said that this is a humanitarian crisis. Arrangements should be made for the rehabilitation of the displaced, essential things like medicines and food and drink in the relief camps. Along with this, steps should also be taken for the protection of religious places in the state.
Significantly, on May 3, violence started in 10 hill districts after the Kuki community took out a rally to protest against the demand for ST status to the Meitei community. According to government figures, around 71 people died in it, while more than 230 were injured. About 1700 houses were burnt.
Updates related to Manipur violence…
- Congress leader and former CM Okram Ibobi Singh met Mallikarjun Kharge. Congress will send a team of observers to Manipur.
- The Manipur Bar Association has appealed for a Supreme Court-led inquiry committee to probe the violence.
- BJP MLA Dinganglung Gangmei has also filed a petition in the Supreme Court against the order of the Manipur High Court.
10 districts are victims of violence, surveillance is being done by drone
All these people were in the Assam Rifles camp since the time of violence on 3rd May. Due to the remoteness of the area, it took time to remove them.
10 out of 16 districts of Manipur are affected by violence. Drone surveillance of the India-Myanmar border has been intensified. The help of sniffer dogs is being taken in hilly areas. Meanwhile, the Assam Rifles on Monday rescued more than 100 people stranded in violence-hit Manipur near the India-Myanmar border in an air rescue operation.
6000 Kuki-Chin-Mizo have taken shelter in 6 districts of Mizoram
About 6000 people of Chin-Kuki-Mizo tribal community have reached Mizoram from different areas of Manipur. For them, camps have been set up in 6 districts of the state. Of these, 2021 people have taken shelter in Aizawl district, 1,847 in Kolasib and 1,790 in Saitual. An official from Mizoram told that 5822 people are living in relief camps.
CM Biren rejected demand for separate administration after meeting Shah
CM N Biren Singh returned to Imphal after informing the Union Home Minister in New Delhi about the situation in the state. He has turned down the demand of 10 MLAs for a separate administration from Manipur. The CM said that measures are being taken to ensure that the militants, who had signed a peace deal, return to their designated places. Under the suspension of operations under Shah’s supervision, measures are being taken to bring back the insurgent groups and restore normalcy.
Now know what was the reason for the violence…
The Meitei community forms more than half of Manipur’s population of about 3.8 million. The Imphal Valley, which covers about 10% of Manipur’s area, is dominated by the Meitei community. The Manipur High Court has directed the state government to consider the demand of the Meitei community and send recommendations to the Center within 4 months.
Following this order, All Tribal Students Union (ATSU) Manipur took out a rally on 3rd May demanding Scheduled Tribe status for Meiteis in Manipur. Which later turned violent.
Why Meitei is asking for reservation: People of the Meitei community argue that before the merger with the Indian Union in 1949, they had the status of a tribe in the princely state. The Meitei population has decreased from 62% to around 50% in the last 70 years. The Meitei community is demanding reservation for its cultural identity.
Who are against: The Naga and Kuki tribes of Manipur are opposed to giving reservation to the Meitei community. The Nagas occupy 90% of the state’s area and the Kukis form 34% of the state’s population. They say that 40 of the state’s 60 assembly seats are already in the Meitei-dominated Imphal Valley.
Politically, the Meitei community is already dominant in Manipur. The Naga and Kuki tribes fear that reservation for Meitei in the ST category will lead to division of their rights. As per the existing law, the Meitei community is not allowed to settle in the hilly areas of the state.
Another reason for resentment The recent violence in Manipur can be attributed to the Meitei reservation, but in August last year, Chief Minister Biren Singh’s government ordered the eviction of the Naga and Kuki tribes living in the forest area of Churachandpur, terming them as intruders. Naga-Kuki were getting angry with this. The Meiteis are Hindus, while most of the Nagas and Kukis of the ST category follow Christianity.
Also read these news related to Manipur violence…
Manipur violence affected said – Give weapons, we will deal with ourselves; Meitei said – implement NRC
The villagers said they are demanding the government to give them weapons as the security forces have failed to protect them and their properties. In such a situation, instead of depending on the security forces, they will deal with the attackers themselves. They have also demanded withdrawal of central security forces from the area. On the other hand, the Meitei community wants the process of National Register of Citizens (NRC) to be started in Manipur on the lines of Assam to identify and expel illegal infiltrators in the state. Read full news…