This is the conclusion of the “Report on the Evolution of Suicide in Spain in the Child and Adolescent Population (2000-2021)” prepared by Alejandro de la Torre, principal investigator of the Research Group in Psychiatric Epidemiology and Mental Health of the Complutense University of Madrid, together with CIBERSAM researchers, based on INE mortality data.
The research does not include the latest data regarding suicide mortality from 2022, given its provisional nature; However, they already point to a worsening of the figures, with 4,097 people who took their lives in Spain that year, 2.3% more than a year earlier, a proportion that was even higher in those under 20 years of age, in which case the increase was 12%.
Covid-19, ruled out as the exclusive cause
This growing trend, of up to 5.5% since 2018, has occurred in all population groups, with which the published study excludes the covid-19 pandemic as the exclusive cause.
“The covid-19 pandemic has meant, in many ways, an important change at the level of mental health in Spain. The number of cases of suicide in the general population was increased, although in the population of young people and adolescents this impact has not been as significant, nor are changes observed in the comparisons by sex, nationality and place of residence”, the document settles.
Although he adds that “the absence of an impact after the pandemic on the suicide rates of young people and adolescents may be due to the fact that not enough time has passed yet, and that a possible delayed effect may arise later, since the data collected only shows the trend from 2020 to 2021, and not after that”.
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