Andrey Tyazhelnikov, chief freelance specialist in primary health care of the Moscow Department of Health, said that on hot days one should avoid activity, drink clean water, fruit drinks, kvass and hot tea in small portions, as well as avoid overeating and not drinking alcohol.
In an interview with RIA Novosti on Tuesday, June 28, the specialist clarified that overheating is the main risk factor in the heat, so you should be careful about situations that can provoke it. So, you should avoid physical activity on too hot days and hours, wear a hat, as well as loose, light-colored clothes made from light-colored natural fabrics. In addition, it is important to observe the drinking regimen and constantly drink clean water in small portions.
“Juices, kvass and hot tea quench their thirst well. In the presence of chronic diseases, take medications prescribed by a doctor, monitor pressure parameters, ”the doctor said.
According to him, in the heat you need to open windows, use fans and air conditioners to maintain constant air circulation in enclosed spaces, the Zvezda TV channel reports. He specified that the optimum temperature is +20…+22 degrees. It is also worth taking a cool shower, avoiding overeating and not drinking alcohol in the heat, writes NSN.
If you feel unwell – shortness of breath, dizziness, weakness – measures should be taken to cool down. The doctor said that you need to go into the shade, get out of the stuffy room, drink cool water, wipe your face with water or wash yourself, moisten the cloth and make a compress for the head. If possible, you can also take a cold shower.
The doctor emphasized that if a person has symptoms of heat stroke, then you should immediately seek medical help. These symptoms include: a sharp weakness in the muscles, up to numbness of the limbs, general lethargy, an increase in body temperature up to 40 degrees, severe sweating. Also, a person may suffocate, become very pale or redden, his breathing, heartbeat and pulse may become more frequent. Other symptoms of heat stroke include headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion and loss of consciousness, cramps in the legs or stomach, and muscle pain.
Before the arrival of doctors, the person should be transferred to a shade or cool place, laid on his back, his head and legs should be raised, placing things under them. Also, the victim should be released from squeezing clothing, apply a cold compress to the head, moisten the face with cold water and wrap it with a wet cloth. It is also necessary to give the patient plenty of cool water with added sugar and salt (at the tip of a teaspoon). The condition should stabilize, Life.ru notes.
After suffering a heat stroke, doctors usually recommend bed rest for several days, the specialist concluded.
Evgeny Tishkovets, a leading employee of the Phobos weather center, said earlier that June 27 in Moscow was the hottest day of the year. Then the air in the Tushino region warmed up to 32.7 degrees, writes the Federal News Agency.
On Tuesday, June 28, partly cloudy hot weather will continue in the capital. The air will warm up to 26-28 degrees. Wind gusts will reach 5-10 meters per second, Moskva 24 notes.
On June 26, Muscovites were told about safe recreation areas for swimming. As the 360 TV channel notes, you can escape from the hot weather that has come to Moscow in 139 recreation areas, of which you can plunge into the reservoir only in 13. All of them received permission from the Moscow department of Rospotrebnadzor.
So, you can swim in the Levoberezhye recreation area, in the east of the capital, Putyaevsky Pond No. 1 and Lake Beloe are open for swimming. In the west, you can swim in Meshchersky Lake. In the northwest, there are the Serebryany Bor-2 and Serebryany Bor-3 beaches.