Ukrainian grain enters the global market, where it can be purchased by all countries. This is how US State Department sanctions policy coordinator James O’Brien responded to Russia’s criticism, which pointed out that cereals from Ukraine go to the European Union instead of the world’s poorest countries.
“The point, perhaps, is that these are global markets. No matter where the food goes, the specific cargo of wheat, the volume of the global supply is growing and giving the opportunity to buy wheat to other people in other places, ”he said at a September 9 briefing broadcast on the State Department’s YouTube channel.
According to O’Brien, the discussion on this topic is misleading.
Then, on September 9, the UN reported that during the work of the Joint Coordination Center (JCC), about 2.5 million tons of grain and other foodstuffs were exported from the ports of Ukraine as part of the grain deal.
On September 7, Russian President Vladimir Putin, at a plenary meeting of the Eastern Economic Forum, said that under the grain deal, only a small part of food is exported to poor countries.
He added that Russia intends to supply 30 million tons of grain to needy countries by the end of the year and is ready to increase this volume to 50 million tons or more.
The next day, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan agreed with Putin’s words that Ukrainian grain was sent not to the poorest countries, but to Europe. He noted that the Russian president is concerned that agricultural products are sent to those countries that have imposed anti-Russian sanctions and are not in danger of starvation. At the same time, barriers to market access for Russian products have not been removed. Erdogan specified that he would discuss these issues with Putin in Samarkand during the SCO summit on September 15-16.
On August 17, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation to international organizations in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, drew attention to the fact that dry cargo ships with agricultural products from the Black Sea ports controlled by Kyiv are sent to states that are not in danger of starvation.
On July 22, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu and UN Secretary General António Guterres signed a memorandum on facilitating the supply of Russian agricultural products and fertilizers to world markets. At the same time, the Ukrainian delegation signed an agreement with Turkey and the UN on the export of grain. As Moscow later noted more than once, the Russian part of the deal on product access to the markets is not being executed. The UN promised the Russian side to assist in the admission of products and fertilizers to world markets.