Olga Alexandrova, a therapist of the highest qualification category of the Atlas clinic network, on Saturday, May 14, named the symptoms by which tick-borne viral encephalitis can be distinguished from influenza, SARS and rotavirus.
According to her, the initial signs of all diseases are similar, so you can skip the mild stage, which in the process will lead to damage to the nervous system. If the tick has already bitten, you should not remove it yourself, it is better to find the nearest emergency room. Then the specialist will send the insect for analysis to detect infections.
“Chills, headache, a sharp rise in temperature to 38-39 degrees, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting can be signs of encephalitis. In the case of self-removal of the tick, it must still be submitted for analysis in order to be aware of the possible risks and, if necessary, start treatment in a timely manner and protect yourself from dangerous complications, ”said the therapist Aleksandrova in an interview with Gazeta.Ru.
The specialist also advised to get vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis two weeks before visiting a region that is disadvantaged in this regard.
On May 12, Marat Makenov, senior researcher at the Department of Molecular Diagnostics of the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor, said that vaccination against tick-borne infection should be carried out in advance – in autumn.
The expert also added that only one tick-borne infection, tick-borne encephalitis, is prevented by the vaccine. Other tick infections are treated with antibiotics.