In Udmurtia, two ancient sanctuaries located on the territory of the Glazovsky and Igrinsky districts were included in the list of identified objects of cultural heritage (CHO). This was reported by the Republican Agency for State Protection OKN.
“The territorial sanctuary of the Middle Chepetsk Udmurts Gubervos (Gerbervos)-1” in the Glazovsky district and the “District sanctuary of the Upper Chepetsk Udmurts Lek oshmes” in the Igrinsky district are included in the list of identified objects of cultural heritage, ”the ministry said in a statement.
The Gubervös-1 temple was founded in the lower reaches of the Ubyt River after the destruction by the Russians, presumably in the 12th-13th centuries. common tribal sanctuary of the Udmurts. Its appearance in this place is due to the processes of Russian colonization of the Vyatka region and the subsequent Christianization of the northern Udmurts. But already in the middle of the 18th century, the first church parish appeared in the village of Elovo, more and more Udmurts accepted Christianity. All this led to the destruction of the sacred place near the mouth of the river.
As Susanin news agency writes, the Lek Oshmes sanctuary is an old pagan cult place of the northern Udmurts of the Vortcha tribal group. Its beginning dates back to the 16th century, back in the 19th – early 20th centuries, during the sowing season, sacrifices were held here, to which residents of not only nearby, but also distant villages gathered. In a clearing in front of a spring, a white bull or a foal was slaughtered, the meat was boiled in large cauldrons, and porridge was cooked in the resulting broth. They prayed in a pagan way, without a cross.
With the advent of Soviet power, animal slaughter ceased to be practiced. During the sowing or haymaking, the Udmurts made a ritual meal with a mess – a dish made from flour, water, oil and salt. At the end of the 20th century, this ceremony also ceased to be carried out.