Which countries have now got provisional membership of Security Council?
The Security Council has a total of 15 member states, including five permanent member states. Currently, Algeria, Ecuador, Guyana, Japan, Malta, Mozambique, Republic of Korea, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, Switzerland are provisional members. He is elected for a term of two years.
Pakistan in anti-India ‘coffee club’!
While the G4 countries supported each other to become permanent members, Italy, Pakistan, Mexico and Egypt joined forces to form the Coffee Club or Uniting for Consensus in 1990 to prevent these four countries from getting membership. The purpose of this group was to prevent their rivals from joining the Security Council, or to avoid reducing the strength of their permanent allies by adding more members. Germany’s attempt is opposed by Italy and Spain, Brazil by Argentina and India’s attempt by Pakistan. At present, the economic and political rivals of G4 countries such as Italy, Canada, South Korea, Spain, Turkey, Mexico, Argentina, Pakistan, Malta, Colombia, Costa Rica, San Marino are present in this group.
Musk’s voice for India
Billionaire Elon Musk recently batted for India on getting permanent membership in the Security Council. He said that India is eligible for permanent membership in the United Nations Security Council. It is ironic that India, which has the largest population in the world, does not have permanent membership. Reforms need to be carried out in the United Nations as per the times. This is the problem with powerful countries not giving up their power. He asserted that the world’s most populous countries are not representing the United Nations Security Council. In 2022, Russia said that India is a suitable candidate for permanent membership.
India refused membership!
In 1950, the US proposed to remove China from the permanent membership of the Security Council and add India. However, India denied it. In 1955, the Soviet Union offered permanent membership to India. India also denied it. Nehru was the Prime Minister then. Today, Nehru’s decision is generating conflicting debates for political reasons. If America’s offer had been accepted then, India would have had to face China’s opposition. This is said to be the reason behind Nehru’s decision. However, today India is the only country standing in the way of permanent membership. Ironically it is China.