Myths about breast cancer
Although breast cancer is very common these days, there is a lack of awareness about this condition and there are many myths about this condition. Namely
Breast cancer only affects women
Any lump in the breast is a cancerous lump
All breast cancers require chemotherapy or total mastectomy
What are the causes of breast cancer?
Factors affecting endogenous hormones
Exogenous hormone intake
Symptoms of breast cancer
A breast lump or thickening is different from the surrounding tissue
Change in breast size, shape or appearance
Skin changes on the chest, such as dimpling
Peeling of pigmented area of skin around nipple or breast skin etc.
How to diagnose?
Regular breast self-examination.
Clinical breast exams
Screening and mammograms
Management of hormone therapy
Awareness is key
Personalized early detection – looking beyond mammograms
Genetic and genomic testing
Risk-reducing medications and surgery
What is ovarian cancer?
Ovarian cancer originates in the ovaries, the female reproductive organs responsible for egg production. Known as the “silent killer”, this cancer exhibits subtle symptoms in its early stages. This results in late stage diagnoses and reduced survival rates.
It is classified into different subtypes such as epithelial, germ cell and stromal tumors, each with unique characteristics.
Epithelial ovarian cancer
Epithelial ovarian cancer, the most common type, arises from the cells that line the outer surface of the ovary. Often detected in advanced stages. Germ cell tumors arise from reproductive cells, while stromal tumors develop in the connective tissue cells that provide structural support to the ovary.
Ovarian Cancer Causes and Symptoms
Factors that increase the likelihood of ovarian cancer include age, family history, genetic mutations such as BRCA1 and BRCA2, and hormone replacement therapy. Symptoms of this cancer may include abdominal bloating, pelvic pain, frequent urination and changes in appetite.
What is the treatment for this?
Early detection of ovarian cancer poses challenges as no reliable screening test is currently available. Diagnosis usually involves imaging studies, blood tests, and a biopsy. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies.
Prognosis is uncertain at the stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis, with early detection significantly increasing survival rates.
Dr. Rahul S Kanaka
Consultant- Surgical Oncology
Yeshwantpur, Sarjapur and Hebbal