What you need to know:
No car had won as many races in a single Formula 1 season as the RB19 of Max Verstappen and Checo Pérez
What made Red Bull manage to win everything it wanted and everything it could in 2023 with that car?
The secret is in the engineering and in an evolution of the car used in 2022, the RB18with which Max Verstappen won his second title, also with relative ease.
What made RB19 so dominant in 2023?
That is the question that many asked themselves throughout the year, both fans, journalists and engineers from other teams. The answer has finally been given
Pierre Wache, technical director and Paul Monaghanchief engineer at Red Bull.
The answer is simple. Red Bull reduced the weight of its car by about 20 kilograms compared to the weight of the RB18. In Formula 1, removing weight from a car sounds simple, but it is a complex execution in terms of aerodynamics and control of the car.
By 2023 it was established that a car must weigh a maximum of 908 kilograms, already counting the weight of the pilot, as well as the full tank of fuel, while The minimum weight is 798 kilograms.
Christian Horner, director of the team, explained to The Athletic and added that this weight was not reduced from a single specific area. “We managed to remove 20 kilos from the car this year and fix some of the imperfections. “The RB18 was a little thick,” “They were just marginal gains in all areas. “I think that was probably the fundamental difference between the 2022 car and the 2023 car.”
Red Bull wins for the second consecutive year with Checo in constructors Weight reduction helped reduce tire degradation
From the beginning of the season to the end,
The RB19s showed less tire degradation and this was reflected many times in the race battles against the Ferraris, that although they started in some races in the first positions, they became easy prey for the RB19s after 10 laps, like in Monza, for example.
Ferrari had such a degradation that they lost a lot of performance in the final laps, and when comparing tires, the Red Bull tires still had “life”, since they did not present blisters, that is, they could continue turning on the track, while the Ferrari tires were close to complete deterioration. The 2022 Brazilian Grand Prix was the starting point
However, not all of the RB19’s success is limited to the reduction of those 20 kilograms. The Red Bull team’s car evolved from one year to the next in terms of aerodynamics and
the composition of the rear of the car, which made the car so fierce with the DRS open on the main straights.
And those aerodynamic adjustments were found from the very weak performance of the RB18 in
the Brazilian Grand Prix, the one in which Max Verstappen refused to give up sixth position to Checo Pérez. That race was a disaster for the team, accustomed to being on the podium. Finally the race went to Mercedes with George Russell.
From that race,
At Red Bull they worked on the RB19 prototype so that it would have better performance on circuits with low speed curves and by 2023 they won in circuits such as Monaco, the Netherlands, Azerbaijan and also in Brazil. The RB19 swept curved circuits high speed, low speed, banked, rainy, dry and even high temperatures.
“We went to Silverstone, which is almost flat on all sides.Monaghan indicated. In the Netherlands most of it is twisted and blind and you’re up, you’re down, you’re around, you’ve got a little bench. In Monaco… everyone says our car is rubbish at low speed. “We are accused of it regularly, but our performance looked so bad,”
Paul Monaghan, head of engineering at Red Bull / Getty Images
There are other names in the RB19 evolution process:
Ben Waterhouse, head of performance engineering; Enrico Balbo, head of aerodynamics and Craig Skinner, the chief designer. They report to Wache as Monaghan and in turn they report to Adrian Newey.
All of them have worked on the evolution from RB19 to RB20
and just as Brazil was a turning point in 2022, now the Singapore Grand Prix is, the only race that the RB19 could not win in 2023. What’s coming for 2024 with the RB20?
The advantage of having designed a car with such good performance in 2023 makes it
several parts and configurations of the RB19 go to the RB20to which they were able to dedicate more time than other teams, such as McLaren, which worked practically all year to find better performance for its car, which ended up being competitive.
The same thing happened with Aston Martin, who carried improvements until the final part of the season.
Mercedes did what she could, but there came a point where she threw in the towel and he dedicated himself to thinking about the 2024 car. Unlike Red Bull, which is working on the evolution of the RB19, there are other teams that must design their 2024 cars from scratch.
“Red Bull won (in Abu Dhabi) by 17 seconds and mentioned Lewis Hamilton at the end of the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. They haven’t touched the car since August or July. So, you can guess where they will be next year.”
“If they culminate in the right things,said Paul Monaghan. We will have a year 2024 like this. Will we dominate again? I don’t want to say yes or no. It is up to us against what our opposition does. That’s why it’s a sport. “It is an unknown result and it is a competition,”
Pierre Wache, with Checo Pérez / Getty Images
Among the challenges of 2024 is to make the RB20 work and dominate with Max Verstappen, as with Checo Pérez, who
He struggled to adapt to a car that required a different driving style to which he is accustomed.
“We failed because only one pilot, Max in this case, could handle it well… Wache admitted at the beginning of December 2023. It may be that we, in turn, have not understood Checo well in terms of what he needs to be able to also get the potential out of the RB19”
It may interest you
Everything you didn’t know you need to know can be found at Sopitas.com