Digital Desk, New York. The world is struggling to keep the system of equality alive, whether by acknowledging the existence and roles of small nations or by equalizing global forums, to ensure fair representation of all. The United Nations (UN) is the body that ensures that this system of equality is upheld and that nations that do not comply with the International Code of Conduct should be subjected to criticism or sanctions as a last resort. The medium is reprimanded.
But even within these international bodies, there are some strong giants who play the role of decision-makers and change-makers. These big nations not only come out with great power, but also take great responsibility towards the environment and towards the global community. However, at times the veracity of the responsibilities and duties are questioned when large nations make it a point to consistently violate the mandate laid down by the international system. That’s where China enters.
China’s growing influence within the United Nations is inevitable due to President Xi Jinping’s more assertive foreign policy, and China’s assessed contribution to the world body is currently second only to that of the United States. Traditionally centered around UN development exercises, China currently uses its strengths, its peace and security functions, at the core of the United Nations. The Sino-Russian strategic arrangement at the United Nations Security Council challenges the protection of human rights and humanitarian access demonstrated in July 2020, when China and Russia vetoed two resolutions on Syria, both as special envoys for Sudan. obstructed the appointment of a French citizen.
China increased its influence in important non-United Nations multilateral bodies, and it now occupies a leading position among many such organizations in terms of personnel and funding, including the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). A review by Mumbai-based foreign policy think tank Gateway House noted that China’s commitment to these efforts has been on bodies that seek to support the fate of Chinese organizations and promote Beijing’s actions such as the Belt and Road Initiative. Assist in setting norms and standards.
A review of UN data to show China’s wider influence is empowered by the nation’s increased financial contribution to the world body – its mandated contribution as a UN member grew by 1,096 percent between the years 2010 and 2019. While voluntary donations have also expanded significantly. In terms of voluntary donations, where it was $510 million in 2010, it increased by 346 percent to $172 million in 2019. Compulsory contributions and voluntary donations combined have made China the fifth largest donor to the United Nations, and the country’s total funding increased from $19 million in 2010 to $1.6 billion in 2019.
The study states, voluntary contributions enable UN funding and program agencies to carry out their special projects, as only administrative, daily expenses are covered by the UN main budget. Therefore, when China contributes $7.5 million to the UNDP, it could affect the way development projects are implemented. The study said that the ITU sets the global benchmark for telecommunications, where China’s Huawei is a major player. The ITU also has Chinese representatives serving two terms.
The study further said, this ensures that Huawei and its standards are embedded and implemented by United Nations agencies engaged in development work in rarely-entered markets such as the Chinese national champion African continent, the Pacific and South and Southeast Asia. Be gone The study also concluded that China’s participation in UN bodies has become more sophisticated over the years.